Digital Mages

Digital Mages - Paranoid::Network::IPv6(3)

Paranoid::Network::IPv6

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2020-12-31
Index  

NAME

Paranoid::Network::IPv6 - IPv6-related functions  

VERSION

$Id: lib/Paranoid/Network/IPv6.pm, 2.08 2020/12/31 12:10:06 acorliss Exp $  

SYNOPSIS

    use Paranoid::Network::IPv6;

    @net = ipv6NetConvert($netAddr);
    $rv = ipv6NetIntersect($net1, $net2);

or

    use Paranoid::Network::IPv6 qw(:all);

    print "Valid IP address\n" if $netAddr =~ /^@{[ IPV6REGEX ]}$/;

    @net = ipv6NetConvert($netAddr);
    $broadcast = $net[IPV6BRDCST];

    use Paranoid::Network::IPv6 qw(:ipv6Sort);

    @nets = sort ipv6StrSort    @nets;
    @nets = sort ipv6PackedSort @nets;
    @nets = sort ipv6NumSort    @nets;

 

DESCRIPTION

This module contains a few convenience functions for working with IPv6 addresses.  

IMPORT LISTS

This module exports the following symbols by default:

    ipv6NetConvert ipv6NetPacked ipv6NetIntersect

The following specialized import lists also exist:

    List        Members
    --------------------------------------------------------
    base        @defaults
    constants   MAXIPV6CIDR IPV6REGEX IPV6CIDRRGX IPV6BASE 
                IPV6BRDCST IPV6MASK
    ipv6Sort    ipv6StrSort ipv6PackedSort ipv6NumSort
    all         @base @constants @ipv6Sort

 

SUBROUTINES/METHODS

 

ipv6NetConvert

    @net = ipv6NetConvert($netAddr);

This function takes an IPv4 network address in string format and converts it into and array of arrays. The arrays will contain the base network address, the broadcast address, and the netmask, each split into native 32bit integer format chunks. Each sub array is essentially what you would get from:

    @chunks = unpack 'NNNN', inet_pton(AF_INET6, '::1');

using '::1' as the sample IPv6 address.

The network address must have the netmask in CIDR format. In the case of a single IP address, the array with only have one subarray, that of the IP itself, split into 32bit integers.

Passing any argument to this function that is not a string representation of an IP address (including undef values) will cause this function to return an empty array.  

ipv6NetPacked

    @net = ipv6NetPacked('fe80::/64');

This function is a wrapper for ipv6NetConvert, but instead of subarrays each element is the packed (opaque) string as returned by inet_pton.  

ipv6NetIntersect

    $rv = ipv6NetIntersect($net1, $net2);

This function tests whether an IP or subnet intersects with another IP or subnet. The return value is essentially boolean, but the true value can vary to indicate which is a subset of the other:

    -1: destination range encompasses target range
     0: both ranges do not intersect at all
     1: target range encompasses destination range

The function handles the same string formats as ipv6NetConvert, but will allow you to test single IPs in integer format as well.  

ipv6StrSort

    @sorted = sort ipv6StrSort @nets;

This function allows IPv6 addresses and networks to be passed in string format. Networks can be in CIDR format. Sorts in ascending order. :w  

ipv6PackedSort

    @sorted = sort ipv6PackedSort @nets;

This function sorts addresses that are in packed format, such as returned by inet_pton. Sorts in ascending order.  

ipv6NumSort

    @sorted = sort ipv6NumSort @nets;

This function sorts addresses that are in unpacked, native integer format, such as one gets from:

    @ip = unpack 'NNNN', inet_pton(AF_INET6, $ipAddr);

Sorts in ascending order. List of addresses should be a list of lists.  

CONSTANTS

These are only imported if explicitly requested or with the :all tag.  

MAXIPV6CIDR

Simply put: 128. This is the largest CIDR notation supported in IPv6.  

IPV6REGEX

Regular expression.

You can use this for validating IP addresses as such:

    $ip =~ m#^@{[ IPV6REGEX ]}$#;

or to extract potential IPs from extraneous text:

    @ips = ( $string =~ m#(@{[ IPV6REGEX ]})#g);

 

IPV6CIDRRGX

Regular expression.

By default this will extract CIDR notation network addresses:

    @networks = ( $string =~ m#(@{[ IPV6CIDRRGX ]})#si );

 

IPV6BASE

This is the ordinal index of the base network address as returned by ipv6NetConvert.  

IPV6BRDCST

This is the ordinal index of the broadcast address as returned by ipv6NetConvert.  

IPV6MASK

This is the ordinal index of the network mask as returned by ipv6NetConvert.  

DEPENDENCIES

o
Paranoid
o
Paranoid::Debug
o
Paranoid::Network::Socket
 

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

 

AUTHOR

Arthur Corliss (corliss@digitalmages.com)  

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

This software is free software. Similar to Perl, you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either:

  a)     the GNU General Public License
         <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-1.0.html> as published by the 
         Free Software Foundation <http://www.fsf.org/>; either version 1
         <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-1.0.html>, or any later version
         <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/license-list.html#GNUGPL>, or
  b)     the Artistic License 2.0
         <https://opensource.org/licenses/Artistic-2.0>,

subject to the following additional term: No trademark rights to ``Paranoid'' have been or are conveyed under any of the above licenses. However, ``Paranoid'' may be used fairly to describe this unmodified software, in good faith, but not as a trademark.

(c) 2005 - 2020, Arthur Corliss (corliss@digitalmages.com) (tm) 2008 - 2020, Paranoid Inc. (www.paranoid.com)


 

Index

NAME
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
IMPORT LISTS
SUBROUTINES/METHODS
ipv6NetConvert
ipv6NetPacked
ipv6NetIntersect
ipv6StrSort
ipv6PackedSort
ipv6NumSort
CONSTANTS
MAXIPV6CIDR
IPV6REGEX
IPV6CIDRRGX
IPV6BASE
IPV6BRDCST
IPV6MASK
DEPENDENCIES
BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
AUTHOR
LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT